In terms of Modern Medicine, acupuncture points are often located near nerve endings within the body. When a needle is inserted into one of these acupuncture points, it stimulates the nerve, causing the release of neurotransmitters, which are special chemicals that the body produces to communicate with cells in the body. Endorphin, the body’s natural painkiller, is released causing a reduction in pain perception. It has also been shown that acupuncture causes a rise in Serotonin and Histamine levels, which are important to promote the healing response. As such, when treating a painful condition, the goals of treatment include pain relief, a reduction in inflammation within the tissue, increased circulation to the region, and the promotion of healing.